Home Tuition Rules and Regulations in India

The education sector across India has always been supported by home tuition or private tuition centers. They run parallel to the formal education system and are considered supplementary support to combat educational inadequacies. They are termed the “Cost-effective education system for developing countries”. Also, the rising number of students seeking private tuition centers despite being enrolled in private, unaided, or high-performing schools is due to the drive to achieve higher scores in public examinations and stand out in the competition. Since the nation is large population supports home tuition and their system, we have accumulated significant rules and regulations related to home tuition and the legal consequences. Let’s get started.

General rules- legal instructions:

Home Tuition

  • You can’t advertise when you conduct home tuition classes in your building or apartment.
  • Suppose you expect to begin the private tuition center in your area. In that case, getting permission in written format from the respective authorities, such as a society chairman or secretary, is important. While seeking permission, they inquire about the activities that will be carried out in those home tuition classes. This written permission document should be kept safely as proof to avoid any dispute.
  • A maximum of two tutors can take part in a home tuition. The condition applies when a teacher predicts they may need help from another tutor to support their tuition center. Illegal issues arise when a person hires teachers when they conduct their tuition on residential premises. However, two friends can be in their partnership and conduct tuition classes from their home setting. You can pick your home tuition partner as your husband, wife, brother, sister, relative, friend, or office colleague and conduct the home tuition from your home.
  • There can be up to 15 members during specific tuition hours. The tutor should divide the number of students into batches and conduct classes that contain 15 students or fewer at a specific time.
  • You can’t be a government employee working as a teacher and conducting private tuition classes. The public might report your conduct against you.

General rules – to avoid objections:

  • Seek permission from local authorities and keep the permission letter in written format.
  • Do not let the students create chaos or gather in front of your house or tuition premises. This could cause disturbance to your neighbors, and they could complain against you to the authorities.
  • Avoid using any common properties for your home tuition business. For instance, if your apartment has benches for visitors, you can’t use them and conduct your home tuition classes or let the students occupy them after their classes. Likewise, they can’t use your apartment’s amenities, such as a garden, gym, playground, park, etc. Such amenities are provided to the residents and not to the visitors.
  • Avoid calamity at any cost, and ask the students to enter the hall at the appropriate time. This can be done by instructing the students to wait outside the home tuition premises till their batch timing starts. Likewise, the parents are requested to drop off and pick up their children if the students are too young.
  • Keep the list of students and their parents for yourself. Give a list to your security person and request them to mark their entries and exits in the entry register.
  • Avoid any activity that could disturb your neighbors or neighboring businesses; if anything arises, try to resolve it immediately.

Observation and analysis related to the importance and sources of private tuition:

It is observed that about 1/5th of the students obtain private tuition services from the same teacher who teaches them at school, although this pattern is banned in several states. The table describes the students obtaining private tuition services from varied sources. For instance, in Andra Pradesh, it is observed that about 58.1% of students go to private tuition conducted by their school teachers.

Percentage of students seeking private tuition from varied sources (%):


                Tutorial/coaching centers

                Same school teacher

                Home Tuition













Uttar Pradesh









The perspective of students and their parents towards the education and teaching sector has been growing and evolving year over year. Since students nationwide have expressed their inability to understand the concepts or classroom instructions and have developed a desire to score higher in their public examinations, they are seeking private tuition. On the other hand, they receive individual attention in the tuition centers, and they get access to materials to improve their study pattern and take frequent tests to upskill themselves. Therefore, the demand for home tuition is expected to grow with the curriculum load and teaching conditions in the future.

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