Nobel Prize is given to honour people for the brilliant excellent and performance in various fields including literature, physiology, physics, chemistry, economics and peace. Nobel Prize is considered as one of the recognised honours that are awarded at the international level to the people. Among a total of 835 individuals, 12 Indians got a Nobel Prize for the excellent work in different fields as given above.
Rabindranath Tagore was first Indian who got Nobel Prize award for his excellent work and Mother Teresa is only woman in the list of Nobel Prize award winners and the country. Here, we are going to know about all the top 10 Nobel Prize winners in India. Take a look at the details given below to know about their life and excellent work when they got Nobel Prize award.
List of Indian Nobel Prize Winners
11. V.S. Naipaul
V.S. Naipaul won Nobel Prize in the year 2001 for his excellent work in the field of literature. Currently, he is a citizen of United Kingdom but he is originated from Hindu Indian family. He made the name in the list of nominations because of the Indian connection. He was born in the year 1932 and in his career, he worked on more than 30 books. He is known to work on the field of literature in more than 50 years of his career.
10. 14th Dalai Lama
The 14th Dalai Lama was born in China and he was a citizen of India. He is known to win Nobel award because of his propaganda for peace in the situation of liberate Tibet in the year 1989. He was born at 6th July 1935 and he was recognised as 14th Dalai Lama in the year 1939. Today, the 14th Dalai Lama is known as face of love, peace and harmony across the globe. He is one of the respectable personalities in the world because of his excellent work in the field of peace in Tibet region.
9. Abhijit Banerjee
Abhijit Banerjee is an Indian-American economist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2019 (shared with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer) for his contributions to the field of development economics. He is currently the Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the United States.
Banerjee was born in Mumbai, India in 1961 and studied at the University of Calcutta and Jawaharlal Nehru University before completing his PhD in economics at Harvard University. He has been a faculty member at MIT since 1993, and has also held visiting professorships at several other universities around the world.
Banerjee’s research has focused on understanding the economic lives of the poor, and he has conducted extensive fieldwork in India, Africa, and other developing countries. He has co-authored several influential books on poverty and development, including “Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty” and “Good Economics for Hard Times”.
8. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan is a well-known as structural Biologist who was born in the year 1952 in Madras state of India. Currently, he is a resident of the countries UK as well as USA. He won Nobel Prize in the year 2009 for his contribution in chemistry field. Both of his parents were also scientists and he moved to the US after completing the graduation where we completed PhD degree in the subject of Physics from Ohio University in the year 1976. In the year 2009, he got Nobel Prize because of his studies on the structure and functionality of ribosome and he gave a new vision to molecular science with his excellent work in chemistry.
7. Subramanyam Chandrashekhar
Subramanyam Chandrashekhar was born in the year 1910 in India but later, he moved to the United States. He is nephew of Nobel Prize winner CV Raman and he played an important role to explain about the evolution of stars to the world. He is known to won Nobel Prize award in the year 1983 for the mathematical theory of process of Physics that is very important for evolution and structure of the starts. He is known to work and many areas including theory of white dwarfs, Stellar structure theory of radiative transfer, equilibrium, general relativity, mathematical theory of black holes and much more.
6. Har Gobind Khorana
Har Gobind Khorana was born in the year 1912 in Raipur, India. Currently, he is a citizen of United States of America and he won the Nobel Prize for his excellent work in the medicine sector in the year 1968. He is also famous for his excellent work in the field of physiology that involves interpretation of codes present in genes of various living beings that can be used for the process of protein synthesis. He is known to win the award alongside Robert W Holley and Marshall W Nirenberg who worked together and proved that nucleotides are responsible for protein synthesis process.
5. Kailash Satyarthi
Kailash satyarthi was born in the year 1952 and he got Nobel Prize award in the year 2014 for his work in the field of peace. He is a well-known Indian children’s education and rights advocate and he is also activist against the child labour. He is not to protect the rights of over 83000 children in more than 144 countries. He is known to be the second person to win Nobel Prize for Peace after Mother Teresa. In his life, he worked for World renowned Institute name the UNESCO and he is known to bring the lights in the life of a large number of children because of his help and excellent work.
4. Amartya Sen
Amartya Kumar Sen was born on 3 November 1933 in Manikganj, Bangladesh. And the year 1945, they moved to West Bengal and his father worked at lots of government institutes. He completed the graduation from University of Calcutta in mathematics. He is a well-known Indian philosopher and economics. He is also Thomas W Lamont University professor at Harvard University as well as a faculty member of Harvard Law School. He is known to win Nobel Prize award for his excellent work in economic science. He won this award in the year 1998 and he also got Bharat Ratna in India in the year 1999 for his work in economics. He also got the award If Johan Skyptte price in Political Science in the year 2017 for his valuable contribution in Political Science.
3. Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa was born on 26 August 1910 at Üsküp, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire. At the age of 18 years, she left the home in the year 1928 and she moved to India in the year 1929. Mother Teresa is known to dedicate herlife to serve the poor people and Society. She became a Roman Catholic nun and she won the Nobel Prize in the year 1979 for her excellent work for peace. In her life, she Sedan treated more than 2 million people who were sick and hungry. She was working with a message that the poor must know that we love them. She founded Missionaries of Charity in the year 1950 and there were more than 4500 sisters and 133 countries in the year 2012. She died on 5th September 1997 at the age of 87 years in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
2. C. V. Raman
C.V. Raman was born on 7 November 1888 at Madras Presidency, British India. At the early age, he moved to Visakhapatnam and he completed his education at the high school in Visakhapatnam. In the year 1902, he joined Presidency College in Madras and he got Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Madras. He got Master of Science degree from University of Madras in the year 1907.
CV Raman got Nobel Prize award in the year 1930 for his excellent work in the field of Physics. He got this price for Raman Effect that explains the change of wavelength in the rays of light while it reflects from the path. He is also known to contribute his knowledge in the field of science that covers scattering of light, photo electricity, diffraction, musical instruments, Magnetron and much more.
1. Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7th May 1861 in Calcutta, British India. He was a famous Bengali musician and poet who is known to reshape the literature and music of Bengali language. He was the first non-European who won Nobel Prize in Literature in the year 1913. With his excellent work in Literature, he is also famous for his poems, paintings, music and writing work. His work is considered as very fresh and sensitive. Rabindranath Tagore is the first Indian who won Nobel Prize at that time. He is also known to write and compose Indian national anthem Jana GanaMana and Bangladeshi National Anthem Amar Sonar Bangla. The National Anthem of Sri Lanka was also inspired by the work of Rabindranath Tagore. He died on 7th August 1941 at the age of 80 years in Calcutta, British India.
These are the top 10 Indian people who won the Nobel Prize for their excellent work in different fields. All of these people are famous for the contribution and the different fields including economics, physics, chemistry, please, Medical Science, literature and much more. With these 10 people, there are two more people who won Nobel Prize for their work in their fields.
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