Top 10 Lowest Population Density States of India

India is comprised of 29 states and 7 Union territories. According to the census conducted in 2011, India stands at the second populous country with an estimated population of around 1.2 billion. India occupies 17.5 % of the world total population. India is bestowed with pleasing climate condition, rich natural resources, and abundant minerals. Being the most religious country, India has grabbed a large number of tourists to visit adorable historical monuments, museums, and sacred temples. The Thar Desert and Deccan Plateau are some of the densely populated regions. India has attained independence in 1947 since then census has been conducted every ten years. The last census was conducted in 2011.

It is the responsibility of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Census Commissioner and Registrar General to conduct the census in India. The 15th Indian Census was implemented in 2011, which include two phases namely, Population enumeration and House listing.  House listing phase is meant to collect information about the total number of buildings. Population enumeration phase began on 9 February 2011. As per the report released on March 2011, population raised with the decadal growth of 17.645. “Our Census, Our Future”, was the theme of census 2011. Based on the census conducted in 2011, we have prepared a list of top 10 states with least population density.

List of Lowest Populated States in India

10. Madhya Pradesh

With the population density of 303, Madhya Pradesh stands at 10th place in the list of top 10 lowest population density states of India. It is the second largest Indian state, blessed with rich natural resources and climate condition. Madhya Pradesh is well known for its tourist attractions for which tourist visits Madhya Pradesh. Some of the eye-catching attractions are wildlife at Bandhavgarh, Khajuraho temple, Quaint hills etc.  The Khajuraho temple is one of the UNESCO heritage sites in India. Having population of 72,597,565, Madhya Pradesh has tremendous decade growth from 2001 to 2011. As per the census conducted in 2011, the sex ratio is 947 and the estimated are was 308,245 km. The state with the lowest population density is Arunachal Pradesh and the Union territory having highest population density is Andaman & Nicobar Island.

9. Rajasthan

Rajasthan is known to be a hot desert area, which ranks as 9th place in this list. With GDP of 5.7 lakh crore, Rajasthan is one of the richest states in India 2018. It has the largest desert in the country. Rajasthan is well-known for its fort, palace, and kingdoms, which are the memory of kingdoms that ruled northern India. Besides, it offers cool, eye-catching, traditional kinds of stuff to buy. With over 68,621,92 population rate, Rajasthan has increased the decade growth of about 20.3% from 2001 to 2011.  The estimated sex ratio was 926 during 2011. The entire area is estimated at 342, 239-kilometer square.

8. Chattisgarh

Chattisgarh is known as a forested state in central India.  With the varieties of traditional temples, historic monuments, and waterfalls, Chhattisgarh is the most attractive tourist destination. 24 Million People speak the official language Chattisgarhi. Interestingly, Chhattisgarh is a kind of Eastern Hindi Language, which blends vocabulary from Dravidian and linguistic skills from Munda language. With the population density of 991, Chhattisgarh stands at 8th place on this list. As per the census conducted in 2011, the population was around 25,540,196. There was a rise in the decade growth of 22.6% from 2001 to 2011. The estimated sex ratio is 926.

7. Meghalaya

The name Meghalaya refers to the abode of clouds in Sanskrit. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 22, 429 square kilometers.  The length and breadth ration is about 3:1. Cherrapunji is located in Meghalaya where rains heavily. Meghalaya was formed in the year 1972. Shilong is found to the largest city of Meghalaya, where different languages are spoken includes Garo, biate, Hajong, Bengali, Khasi and the official language is English. Some of the best places to visit in Meghalaya are Laitlum Canyon, Lalong Park, Don Bosco centre, Double decker, Living Root Bridge and much more. With the population density of 132, Meghalaya ranks as 7th place on the list of countries with the lowest population density.

6. Himachal Pradesh

Being a chill state with numerous tourist destination, Himachal Pradesh stands at 6th place in this list. Geographically located in the western Himalayas, it shares Himalaya border with Haryana and Punjab. The state was formed in the year 1971. The official language is Hindi and literacy rate is 83.78%. As per census conducted in 2011,  the decade growth has increased about 12.8% from 2001 to 2011.  Himachal Pradesh is not just a place for tourist attractions but also blessed with a wide variety of cultural activities. It covers an area of 55,673 square kilometers with the sex ratio of 974.

5. Manipur

With the population rate of 0.22%, Manipur ranks as 5th place on the list of top 10 Indian states with least population density. Situated in North India, it is bounded by Mizoram to the south, Burma to its east and Nagaland to the north. Loi, Kuki, Naga, Yaithibi are some of the majority group in the state.  Some of the best tourist attractions of Manipur are such as Ema Keithal, Loktat lake, Sirohi National park, Setka Archaeological Museum, Manipur Zoological garden and much more. There are many places to visit and things to do in Manipur. With 16 districts, the city came into existence in 1972. The literacy rate is approximately 79.85%. The population density is 122, which is a bit lesser than Himachal Pradesh. The estimated population rate is 2,721,756.

4. Nagaland

With the population density of 119, Nagaland stands at 4th place on this list. According to the census 2011, sex ratio is 931 and the population percentage is 0.16%.  Nagaland is bestowed with stunning hills, green lushes, eye-catching waterfalls and much more. Situated in the Northeast, its borders are shared with Myanmar to the east, Manipur to the south, Assam to the west and Arunachala Pradesh to the north.  The city was formed in the year 1963. State Museum, war cemetery, Rajbari Park, WWll Museum and Rendikala Sunbong Museum are some of the top tourist attractions.

3. Sikkim

On the list of top 10 Indian states with least population density, Sikkim stands at 3rd place. Situated in North India, Sikkim shares its border with Nepal, Bhutan and West Bengal. Sikkim is the second smallest state in India. The city is well known for its rich natural resource, biodiversity including tropical and subtropical climate. Interestingly, 35% of Sikkim is covered by the Khangchendzonga National park.  The official language is English and some of the major spoken languages are such as Bhutia, Nepali, Manager, Sherpa, Tamang, Newari, Mukhia, Lepcha, and Gurung etc.The decade growth has raised about 12.4% from 2001 to 2011. Sikkim covers an area of 7096 square kilometers. As per census 2011, Sikkim holds the population rate of 607,688.

2. Jammu Kashmir

At number 2, we have Jammu Kashmir, which covers an area of 222,236 square kilometers.  The population density is just 57.  Situated in Himalaya Mountain,  it shares borders with Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the North.  The state separates India from Pakistan territories Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Kashmir. It holds 22 districts with Srinagar as the largest city. Jammu & Kashmir boasts numerous sacred, Religious site, Museum and historic site. It is a land of pleasing atmosphere, endless variety of subtropical climate with rich flora and fauna.

1. Mizoram

At number 1, we have Mizoram on this list. Mizoram covers an area of approximately 21,081 square kilometers. The state is one of the 7 sisters of north India. Myanmar, Bangladesh, Assam, Manipur, and Tripura share Mizoram borders. Palak Lake is the largest lake of the state and is located in the saiha district. The regional language is Mizo. We have 8 districts with AIzwal as capital. Tuits, Twlang, Tuirial, and Chimtuipi are some of the popular rivers flow across Mizoram.

This was the list of top 10 Indian states with least population density. Lets us discuss about the cause of over population in India. The period from 1901- 1921 is considered as the period of stationary growth of population in India. Moreover, the negative growth rate was recorded between 1911-1921. The main cause of the overpopulation was the high birth date and death rate. In recent years, the birth rate is higher than the death rate. Some other causes are poor medical services, illiteracy, and unemployment.

Steady population growth had achieved in 1921. There was an improvement in health, medical system, transport, communication etc. However, the birth rate was high in that period. The period between 1951 to 1981 is considered as the period of population explosion. During this period, technology paved the way for better living condition and scientific developments. Meanwhile, the birthrate was high compared to the previous phase. Since 1981, the growth rate has started slowing down. Early marriage, illiteracy is increased. Hence, the birth rate is slightly higher than the death rate, which is why India is the second most populous country after China.

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