India is a culture rich country having 29 states and 7 union territories. There was a time when India was not divided into different states and then British ruled the country. At the time of the British government, they divided the nation into different states. India is one of the countries having a very dense population. Due to a big population, there are various kinds of cultures and different lifestyle of people in different areas. You will find the change in lifestyle, language and culture of people after a few kilometres.
Therefore, the states were divided where people live according to their culture and lifestyle. All the states are different from each other in the size and population. Some of the Indian states are very large in the size according to its area and population. While some of other states are very small.
List of Smallest State in India
Here, we are going to know about 10 smallest states in India according to the area
Punjab is 10th smallest state in the country according to its area as per Census of the year 2011. It has a total area of 50,362 km square and this Indian state has population density of 550 / km square. Capital of Punjab is Chandigarh and this state is also known as Land of five rivers. The official language of this Indian state is Punjabi and it has majority of Sikhs in the population. Punjab is also considered as food basket of the country because it is very rich in agriculture. It shares its borders with other states including Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir.
Haryana is at 9th position in the top smallest states in India as per census of 2011. Haryana has total area of 44,212 km square and population density of 573 / km square. Haryana is also considered as one of the most agriculture-rich area in the country. It is famous as green land of the country because of its fertile land. It is only state that shares the capital with another state named Punjab. Both of these states have the capital Chandigarh. Faridabad is largest city of Haryana and most of the people speak the languages of Hindi and Punjabi as official language in the state. Blackbuck is state animal of Haryana and Punjab.
As per census of 2011, Kerala is at the 8th position in the top smallest states according to the area in India. Kerala is considered as one of the most beautiful places in the country where you will find very diverse culture, religion, festivals and temples. It is also known as God’s own country because of its amazing culture and beauty. It has a total area of 38,863 km square and population density of 860 / km square. Thiruvananthapuram is capital of Kerala and this state is known to have highest literacy rate in the country with a number of 93.9 %. It is also known to have highest life expectancy in the country. Malayalam is official language and Elephant is state animal of Kerala. It is one of the preferred tourist attractions in the country because of its peaceful environment and cultural beauty.
Meghalaya is 7th smallest state in the country on the basis of its area. It has total area of 22,429 km square and it has population density of 140 / km square. This Indian state is also known as Scotland of the east because of its amazing natural beauty and excellent features. This state is located at North Eastern part of the country and it is famous for its highest annual rainfall in India. Because of highest annual rainfall numbers, it is one of the green and beautiful states in the country. Capital of this state is Shillong and it is also one of the preferred tourist destinations in the country.
Manipur is at 6th position in the top 10 smallest state in the country as per its area. The total area of Manipur is 22,327 km square and it has population density of 130 / km square. Capital of this state is Imphal and it is known as Jewelled Land of North East India. This state is also famous for its unmatchable beauty and Charm that people like to explore. Manipur shares the boundaries with other states including Assam, Mizoram and Nagaland. Its beautiful culture and amazing natural beauty are primary features and noticeable specialties of this Indian state. Manipuri is official language of this Indian state.
Mizoram is at the 5th position in the smallest states of the country and it has total area of 21,081 km square with population density of 52 / km square. Capital of Mizoram is Aizawi and it has official languages Hindi, Mizo and English. Mizoram is connected with the states of Manipur, Assam, Tripura and the countries Bangladesh and Myanmar with its borders. This Indian state is also known to have a high literacy rate of 91.58% and it is known to have horticulture industry and bamboo industry.
Nagaland is fourth smallest state in the country according to its area and it has a total area of 16,579 km square. The population density of Nagaland is 119/ km square. The capital of Nagaland is Kohima and this Indian state is one of the three Christian majority states in the country. Nagaland is also known as Land of festivals because of its amazing culture and lots of festivals. Most of the landscape of Nagaland is filled with the mountains and more than 20% area is covered by the forests. This state is connected with Manipur, Mizoram and Meghalaya with its borders. The official language of Nagaland is English.
As per census of 2011, Tripura is at third position in the smallest state in the country according to area. It has a total area of 10,486 km square and it has population density of 350 / km square. The capital of Tripura is Agartala and this beautiful state is known as Queen of North East India. It is connected with Assam and Mizoram as well as neighbouring country Bangladesh with its borders. Tripura is connected with rest of the country only with one major highway that makes it one of the most disadvantaged locations in the country. This state also receives very heavy rainfall and more than half of the land is covered with forests. Official languages of Tripura are English, Bengali and Kokborok.
Sikkim is second smallest state in the country and it has a total area of 7096 km square. Sikkim has population density of 86 / km square and capital of this Indian state is Gangtok. This state is connected with the countries Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan and West Bengal with its boundaries. Third highest peak Kanchenjunga is located in Sikkim and it has subtropical climate conditions. This state is known to have 11 official languages and it is one of the specialties of this beautiful and small Indian state.
Goa is the smallest state in the country and it has a total area of 3,701 km square. The population density of Goa is 490 / km square and the capital of this Indian state is Panaji. Goa is considered as one of the most beautiful States where a large number of tourists visit from all over the country and foreign countries. This state is also considered as World Heritage site by UNESCO and it has the highest GDP in the country. Goa is connected with the states Karnataka and Maharashtra with its borders. This state is famous for its beautiful beaches, churches and it is also considered as Land of Christ in the country. The official language of Goa is Konkani and it is famous for its Lifestyle among the locals and foreigners.
It is the complete list of top 10 smallest states of India according to the area. All these states are different in the area as well as the lifestyle and culture of the people. All this information will explain the brief details of the states for the interested readers. All these details are according to the census of 2011. This list only includes the states of India and it doesn’t mention union territories of the country. Most of the union territories are very small in the size so it may require a different list.
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