Traditional Dance Of Bihar | Classical and Folk Dance

The different art forms and ancient traditions of Bihar make the state rich with all sorts of cultural activities. Not only that the state is filled with sculptures and historical artifacts, but the state is also full of painters, singers and dancers. The traditional dance of Bihar has given the state a special honor in the eyes of the countrymen. The diverse heritage and customs are very much prevalent in these dance forms. Here we embark on the unique journey in the world of the traditional dance forms of Bihar.

Bihari Dance has deep historical roots

Bihar dances are millennia old. They represent Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, and communal folklore throughout the state. Bihar’s sociocultural changes have influenced these dances.

Major Bihari Dance Elements

Bihari dances are lively and passionate. Different forms of Bihari dance share these elements:

1. Footwork beat

Lively and sophisticated footwork define Bihari dance. Traditional instruments rhythmically accompany dancers’ footwork.

2. Elegant Hand motions

Mudras allow Bihari dancers express feelings and tell tales. Each mudra matters.

3. Colorful Costumes

Different dance styles have colorful, costly costumes. Bright sarees, dhotis, and turbans with traditional jewelry are prevalent.

Styles of Bihari Dance

Bihar’s traditional dances include different forms, meanings, and geographical variations. Some popular Bihar dances:

1. Jat-Jatin Dance:

Jat-Jatin Dance

Mithila-originated Jat-Jatin is a famous Bihar dance. This dance takes place during weddings and holidays. This is a circle and sync dancing. Rural life, love, and seasons are glorified in Jat-Jatin. And of course, community and pleasure permeate it.

2. Bidesia Dance

Bihar’s Bhojpur Bidesia Dance is traditional. To show their love for home, migrant workers from other states danced. Fast footwork, expressive gestures, and storytelling define Bidesia. The dancers express migrants’ emotions through the dance. As migrant laborers leave home to work, Bidesia dance conveys their inner pain. Bihar’s tenacity is shown in this traditional art form.

3. Jhijhian Dance

The Ang folk dance Jhijhian is performed during festivals and celebrations. Jhijhian is a lively dance for men and women. Circle dancers use intricate footwork and clapping. Community and celebration are represented in this dance. Local festivities like Holi feature it.

4. Kajari Dance

Bhojpur and Shahabad are famous for Kajari Dance, a Bihar folk dance. It happens during the monsoon-welcoming Kajari celebration. Kajari dances elegantly and recounts tales. Many dances depict Krishna and Radha’s loves. Nature and the monsoon are honored in Kajari dance. Women sing of rain and love.


The different expressions and forms of Bihari dances are truly mesmerizing. Not only that they speak of the age old Bihari traditions, but also that they offer a different form of entertainment, that fills the heart with enjoyment. The unique flavors of these dances speak of the soil. The vivid costumes and rhythmic footwork takes the mind to the old stories of Gods or Kings. The identity of the Bihari culture thrives this way.

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