Before debating, on any other factors of development and growth, which helps a country to grow and get developed, first of all, basic has to be made clear and each and every person has to get educated then only a country will be counted on in the list of developed countries. Education is said to be the most important pillar of any country’s growth and development. There are many states in India, where the literacy rate is below 40% to develop a country first educating the country people. However, for India, this is a proud moment that in the past 10 years India has achieved some important factors for the development of the country, which has increased the in term of education.
The literacy rate of India has increased up to 74%, which was 12% at the time of independence i.e. 1947. At that time, people were not aware of the importance of education, but nowadays every second person wants to get educated and participate in the development of the country. Education and literacy both are important factors, which are indicators in society, and these two plays a vital role in human development that impacts on the overall economic and social development of one society. Higher literacy improves add more steps towards the development of society, culture and mostly helps in the improvement of the countries development.
Though there are still a few states in India which are counted in the list of the most educated states of India at the current state, but Indian states are showing positive signs that in coming few years all states will be counted as same actually not only states but the country will be said to as the most educated country among all in the world. There is a huge number, but here are the top 11 most educated states in India, which have been nominated as the most educated states in India.
List of Top 11 Most Educated States of India
Pondicherry is increasing its literacy rate very quickly. As it was ranked eighth before, but after the 2001 census, it was ranked seventh in the ranking of the top most educated states of the country. The literacy rate of Pondicherry increased but we do not know the exact figures. This Union Territory deserves a special place on our list and hence we ranked it at number 11. As per some of the sources, the literacy rate is over 86% but we are not sure about the exact number.
10. Himachal Pradesh
On number 10, we have Himachal Pradesh with a literacy rate of 83.27%. In 2001, the literacy rate was 76.48 and this is a massive jump of 4.97%. In coming years, we can expect it to rise furthermore owing to the policies of the government and the schools that are being setup in the school
9. Andaman & Nicobar Islands
This union territory once was the seventh most educated states of the country (India) but for now, the literacy rate of this territory is 86.27%, which is exactly 4.97% higher in comparison to the 2001 census. In addition, until now the proficiency rate of this is listed seventh in the country’s most educated states.
Delhi is the capital state of the country, (India) and previously it was listed as the top 6th most educated states of India, but then in mid era’s literacy rate of Delhi went a bit down. Now in comparison to 2001 census literacy rate of Delhi has increased up to 85%, which is 4.67% higher from 2001.
7. Daman and Diu
Earlier Daman and Diu were ranked as the ninth most educated states of the country, but later literacy rate of Daman and Diu increased up to 87.07%, which is approximately 8.89% higher from the 2001 census. Now it is ranked as the seventh most educated states of the country and the literacy rate in this state is increasing rapidly in comparison to other states of the country.
In 2001, Goa was ranked as the fourth most educated states of the country (India) but later literacy rate of Goa decreased in a shocking manner and ended up on the sixth rank. Still, now, it is showing some good signs of increasing the literacy rate. Not that the literacy rate fell down but the growth had been slower than the estimates. If the people state is educated then the state is said to be educated and strong in the economic and social way both. The literacy rate of Goa is now increased up to 87.40% it is higher than the 2001 census, which is now 5.39% higher than the past year.
Tripura has done an exceptional job which is unbelievable earlier, it was ranked 13th in the list of educated states of the country, but after 2001 census, it made a historical change in the ratings as it came up on the rank of 5th most educated state of India in 2011 census. The literacy rate of Tripura is now 87.75%, which 14.56% higher in comparison to the 2001 census. If Tripura did such a remarkable job within the coming years, it will be on top of all the states of the country. (For more updates, check Wikipedia).
However, Mizoram was listed as the second most educated states, but now it is being ranked as the fourth most educated states of the country. The literacy rate of Mizoram is 91.58%, which is approximately 2.78% from the 2001 census.
Chandigarh is on the list of top fifth most educated states of the country, but from 2001, it fell down from rank fifth to directly on eighth, which is a bit disappointing. Chandigarh has now regained its position in the top 5 states of the country and it is presently ranked at number 4. The literacy rate of Chandigarh is now 86.43%, which is almost 4.49% higher in comparison to the 2001 census. In addition, there is more chance of increasing the literacy rate of this state is coming few years.
Lakshadweep was earlier ranked in third, but this is a good sign that it reached to second. The literacy rate of this state is 91.28%, which 5.62% increased from the 2001 census
Kerala was and still it is the top most educated states of the country ranked on top 1 among all. The literacy rate of Kerala is 93.91%, which the highest rating among all states of the country and from 2001 census it increased up to 3% higher.
India has always had a rich history in terms of education and there were universities even before you could have imagined. Let have a look at a brief history of education in India:
Brief History of Education in India
In older days, the teachers were referred to as Guru and we really do not have a date of that era because it ranges back in BC. With years, the caste system became evident and the knowledge was given to the people as per the caste they belonged to. Urban learning centres became popular during the Gupta Empire and this is when Varanasi a Nalanda gained popularity.
During the High Middle Ages, it is known that education took a new turn. There were students from China and Japan who came to the Indian subcontinent to learn about Buddhist Text and vice versa. This was the start of a new era and there were many educational establishments coming up during the era.
From the late middle ages to early modern age, the education system was influenced by Islam as this is when Islam entered the country. There were madrassas and maktabs setup in the country. Things were changed under the rule of Akbar as he stressed upon the importance of subjects such as medicine, geography, agriculture and other such areas which holds a lot of importance. Similarly, Aurangzeb also favoured subjects related to administration.
Before the start of the British era, the gurukuls were really popular and they worked on public fundings and donations. There wasa huge number of students attending the Gurukuls but things were set to change during the colonial era. During the British ear, the number of educational institutes became 5 times of what existed and the number of scholars also multiplied tremendously. The literacy rates saw a surge from 3.25% to 16.1%.
With this, the modern education system laid the foundation in India and you already know about the modern day universities, school and other such educational institutes.