India is the world’s largest democracy and there are lots of political parties in the country. Some of these parties are in existence since the independence of the country while some of the new parties created in the recent years. In India, these political parties are working with a similar to win the election and make government in any state or centre.
In India, there are three kinds of political parties including national parties, state parties and unrecognised parties. If any party is winning 2% of the total LokSabha seats from three or more states in the country, it will be considered as a national political party in the country. To become a state political party, the party will need to win minimum 3% of total seats in Legislative Assembly. In India, there are 7 national parties and 49 state parties.
List of Top Political Parties in India
Here, we are going to know about the top 10 political parties in the country:
JDU stands for JanataDal-United party has a political presence in the states like Bihar and Jharkhand. Janata Dal-United party is a result of merging of the parties like Janata Dal, Loksatta party and Samta party in the year 2003. At the present time, JDU is alliance with RJD in Bihar. This party was founded by Nitish Kumar and he is current President of the party. At the present time, they have a total 70 out of 243 seats in Bihar and 1 seat in Nagaland. They have total 6 Rajya Sabha seats and 2 Lok Sabha seats at the present time.
All India Trinamool Congress is Indian political party having roots in the Indian state of West Bengal. This political party was founded on 1st January 1998 and this party is founded by Mamata Banerjee who is current CM of West Bengal. Before the year 2009, it was a 6th largest party in Lok Sabha and they had total 19 seats at that time. Currently, they have 34 seats in Lok Sabha. Currently, they have total 213 seats in Legislative Assembly of West Bengal. They also have 14 seats in Rajya Sabha at the present time.
Rashtriya Janata Dal is Indian political party that is based in Northern state of Bihar. This political party was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in the year 1997. This party was recognised as a national level party in the year 2008 on the basis of its performance in the elections of North Eastern states.Rashtriya Janata Dal party was derecognised as a national party on July 30, 2010. Currently, this national party has total 81 seats in Legislative Assembly of Bihar. They also have 5 seats in Rajya Sabha and 3 seats in Lok Sabha at the present time.
AAP stands for Aam Aadmi Party that is Indian political party founded on 26th November 2012. This political party came into existence after the differences between Anna Hazare and Arvind Kejriwal after “India against corruption” movement in the country. This political party was founded by Arvind Kejriwal who is the current leader of the party and CM of DELHi. In the elections, they made debut in 2013 where they won 28 out of 70 seats in Delhi Legislative Assembly Elections and became a second largest party at that time. After that, they got support of Indian National Congress party and formed the government. After that, they did not get the support of partying on Jan Lokpal bill and CM of Delhi resigned after 49 days. In 2015, they got 67 out of 70 seats in Delhi Legislative Assembly Elections and Bhartiya Janta Party won rest 3 seats. Currently, Aam Aadmi Party is ruling party in National Capital Territory of Delhi.
CPM is Communist Party of India (Marxist) is a communist party in the country that was founded on 7th November 1964. This political party was formed at the time of 7th Congress in Calcutta. Current LokSabha leader of the party is P. Karunakaran and Rajya Sabha leader is T.K. Rangarajan. Currently, they have 58 seats in Kerala legislative assembly and 26 seats in West Bengal Legislative Assembly. They also have 16 seats in Tripura legislative assembly and one seat in assembly of the states of Telangana, Odisha, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. They have in total 9 seats in Lok Sabha and 5 seats in Rajya Sabha at the present time.
The Communist Party of India is a communist party in the country. The exact foundation date is not confirmed because of the different views of people. However, the foundation day of this party is on 26th December 1925. Lok Sabha leader of this Communist Party is C.N. Jayadevan and Rajya Sabha leader is D. Raja.In the year 1964, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) was separated from this Communist Party.At the present time, they have total 19 seats in Legislative Assembly of Kerala and one seat in Legislative Assembly of West Bengal. They also have 2 Rajya Sabha seats and one Lok Sabha seat.
The samajwadi Party is a political party in the country that was founded on 4th October 1992. This political party is considered as the largest state party in the country and it is based in Uttar Pradesh state. Samajwadi Party founded by Mulayam Singh Yadav and he is the current chairperson of the party. President of this party is Akhilesh Yadav at the present time. Currently, the Samajwadi party has 55 seats in Vidhan Parishad and 48 seats in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh. They have total 13 seats in Rajya Sabha and 7 seats in Lok Sabha and
Bahujan Samaj party is 3rd largest national political party in the country. This party was founded on 14th April 1984 by Kanshi Ram. This party was formed to aim at bahujans in the country where people came from the categories of scheduled caste, other backward classes and Scheduled Tribes. In the elections of 2014, this party was at the third position on the basis of a number of words. However, they failed to win the seats in 16th Lok Sabha at that time. Main base of this political party isin Uttar Pradesh and they got more than 22 % votes in the elections of 2017. Currently, Mayawati is president of the party and they have 19 seats in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh. They have 8 seats in Vidhan Parishad of the state. They also have 4 Rajya Sabha seats and the country.
Indian National Congress is second largest party in the country and this party was founded in the year 1885. It is the oldest party of the country that started the Nationalist movement at the time of British Empire in the country. After the independence of India in 1947, Congress party formed Central Government of the country and government in many states of the country. In Indian history, there aretotal of 7 Prime Ministers of Congress Party however, the things changed after the elections of 2014. Rahul Gandhi is current President of the party and they have 48 seats in Lok Sabha and 50 seats in Rajya Sabha at the present time.
Bhartiya Janta Party is the largest political party in the country at the present time. It is considered as the largest part of the world today on the basis of its primary membership. This party was founded on 6th April 1980. At the present time, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is parliamentary chairperson of this party and Amit Shah is president of Bhartiya Janta Party. Today, they have total 272 seats and Lok Sabha and 71 seats in Rajya Sabha. They have Government and total 19 states and union territories in the country. In the elections of 2014, it was the biggest victory of this political party and currently, and they are ruling the central government of country.
These are top 10 national political parties in the country at the present time. The position of the top parties may change with every election because of the uncertainty of democracy in the country.
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